One of the main issues of the modern world is the paradox of choice: the more options we have, the more paralyzed we are when it comes to making a choice. This is especially true when we need to opt for the right career and pick the most in-demand skills to learn.
We can face this issue when we need to choose a programming language to learn – as the process of learning is quite long and we need to find the best option for investing our time in it. So, this article is aimed at helping you choose the most promising programming language to learn based on your goals.
The most popular programming languages to learn
- SQL (56.9%)
- Python (41.6%)
- Java (38.4%)
So, let’s see how our list of the best programming languages to learn looks like.
Top Programming Languages
The first position in our list is given to Python. There are actually two main reasons behind this:
- This general-purpose language has probably the widest range of where it can be used. It is used for data analysis and data science as well as for web development. One of the reasons is the huge variety of libraries for performing different tasks.
- Python is one of the easiest and the most intuitive languages to learn.
Some of the most popular Python libraries are Pandas and NumPy which are used for data manipulation as part of data analysis or data science. Its libraries TensorFlow, PyTorch, and scikit-learn are common choices for data science and machine learning tasks. Meanwhile, knowing its framework Django allows building web applications.
Python is also often used in marketing as it allows to analyze data more effectively and automate routine tasks. For example, it can be easily used with CSV and Excel files and also be connected to Google Spreadsheets.
The average Python salary in the US is about $108,086.
If you are interested in learning it,
Where to learn Python:
- Online course: Introduction to Python. Check out also our best Python online courses list if you want a wider choice of options.
- Website: https://www.w3schools.com/python/
- Book: Python Cookbook: Recipes for Mastering Python 3
- Video tutorial
As for its frameworks, today React, Angular, and Vue are the most commonly used. JS web developer usually needs to know only one framework which he/she uses for the job.
The problem which JS developers might face is a need to constantly keep track of new things with this language. Like the web changes really quickly, JS is changing also quickly with new versions of it appearing; and the demand for its frameworks also shifts.
Java takes third place on our list. This is an object-oriented language with “Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA)” capabilities. It is usually used for back-end development (server-side development) and is especially popular for applications with complex architecture and high-security requirements. Thus, it is often used in the online finance sector – for example for banking systems.
Among the most popular Java frameworks new Spring, Struts, and Hibernate.
This language is a more complex language to learn, but these skills are in demand today.
The average Java developer salary in the USA is $101, 300 per year.
Where to learn Java:
- Online course: Java Programming
SQL Structured Query Language t is used to manipulate databases but not for building applications. SQL allows you to build or update databases as well as is needed to just retrieve data (for example to build a report). This language is quite simple and fast to learn. While solely knowledge of SQL is not enough for most jobs, it is often needed as an additional skill for software developers and data scientists.
Where to learn SQL:
- Online course: Learn SQL Basics
C# or C Sharp as it is pronounced is also an object-oriented language that was designed by Microsoft on the foundations of C. It is an improved version of the C++ coding language and has a similar syntax to it.
The language is commonly used for app and games development. Also, it is utilized to build mobile apps, especially for cross-platform development.
There are different views on its feature with some predictions that it’s will not be so popular in the next years.
The average Java developer salary in the USA is $112,900 per year.
Where to learn C#
Online course: C# Fundamentals
What is the programming language to learn?
Answering popular question
The best choice for this is Python which has a number of useful libraries like Tensorflow. However, Java is also sometimes used for this data science tasks.
Some of the most suitable programming languages for iOS and Android development are Java and Kotlin. Kotlin is used for many building such apps as Trello, Evernote, Coursera, and many more, and Java is an official Android development language.
Among the best languages for game development are C++ (examples are Counter-Strike, Warcraft III) and Java (examples are Minecraft and FIFA 11).
The best way to learn to program is by practicing each day and building some projects.